Terms of Reference for consultancy to conduct a baseline contextual study in:
Assessing the contextual, funding, policy and legal landscape influencing organising by PWUDs, sexual and gender minorities and Sex Worker communities/movements in Burundi
|Response required by||30th April 2021|
|Line Management||Program Manager(PWUD) / Director of Programs|
|Scope of Work||Burundi|
|Contracting Organisation||UHAI EASHRI|
UHAI is Africa’s first indigenous activist fund for sex workers and sexual and gender minorities. We support civil society organising for and by sex workers and sexual and gender minorities with flexible and accessible grants; capacity support; support for Pan-African organising and advocacy, including support for activist-determined convening; and knowledge building documentation. UHAI is the largest funder of Eastern Africa’s civil society organising for sex workers and sexual and gender minorities. UHAI is the first funder of a majority of activists organising in Eastern Africa. We are committed to identifying and supporting young, developing ideas, sustaining funding, and accompanying that funding with capacity support to grow activist organisations to the kind of structural integrity that attracts further financing. Since our founding, UHAI has supported organising in seven Eastern Africa countries of Burundi, DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.
We also recognise that to make significant progress in attaining equality, justice and dignity, it is imperative that our work contributes to and is linked to broader global and Pan African struggles. We therefore collaborate and engage with other civil society institutions and networks at continental and international levels.
In pursuit of its work, UHAI is in a consortium known as Love Alliance. The consortium aims at contributing to a world where all people are empowered and can make well-informed decisions without being criminalised, stigmatised or discriminated against. The consortium is working with PWUDs, Sex workers and LGBTI communities in Burundi, Kenya and Uganda.
Background of the study
People who use drugs (PWUD), sex workers, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and intersex (LGBTQI) people and their sexual partners account for a majority (62 per cent) of new adult HIV infections globally in 2019.1 Yet only two per cent of global HIV financing goes to PWUD, sex workers and LGBTQI programming, and even less directly to community-led responses.
Dominant political and social discourses dehumanise PWUD, sex workers, and LGBTQI people, leading to stigma, violence, reduced access to SRH/HIV services, and elevated risk of acquiring HIV.2 People living with HIV (PLHIV) across PWUD, sex workers and LGBTQI people experience an additional layer of stigma and struggle to access SRHR and HIV prevention, treatment and care service.3 There are substantial gender and age dimensions to the epidemic: young PWUD, sex workers, and LGBTQI people are at even higher risk of poor (sexual) health due to age-related vulnerabilities and severe stigma, discrimination and violence.4 Power inequalities stifle the progress towards ending AIDS and ensuring healthy communities. The criminalisation of behaviours, identities and occupations is counter-effective and hinders access to SRH and HIV services.5
High levels of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) further increase vulnerability to HIV and STIs.6 The Love Alliance is based on an unwavering commitment to globally protecting, promoting, and fulfilling sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). Our strategic objectives contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 3 and 5 and result areas 4 and 1 of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ SRHR strategy. It requires a robust civil society that demands rights-based policies and people-centred services to end AIDS by 2030.7
Globally, few advocacy programmes focus on the right to health of PWUD, sex workers and LGBTQI people, including SRHR and HIV.
Scope and Purpose of the Consultancy
The purpose of this study is to conduct a baseline study on LGBTI, SW, PWUD and the intersectionality of target populations in access to SRHR and HIV interventions and harm reduction services in Burundi. The assessment will inform the organisation on the contextual analysis of the target population and Burundi’s movement building. The study aims at looking at the intersectionality of LGBTI, sex work and PWUDs in the country.
The consultants are expected to also look into the funding model of PWUDS, LGBTIQ and SW in the mentioned countries. Establish who is funding what? Where is the funding? And what
1 Aidsfonds (2020) Fast-Track or Off-Track? How insufficient funding for key populations jeopardises ending AIDS by 2030
2 UNAIDS (2020) Seizing the moment, Tackling entrenched inequalities to end epidemics, Global AIDS update 2020, available online 3 USAID (2017)
4 Bekker, L. G. (2019) DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(19)30112-9
5 Leddy, A.M et al. (2019). DOI: 10.1186/s12889-019-7192-4
6 UNAIDS (2020) Seizing the moment, Tackling entrenched inequalities to end epidemics, Global AIDS update 2020, available online. 7 WHO (2016) ‘Consolidated guidelines on HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care for key populations’, available online.
are the SRHR, HIV funding gaps among the constituencies separately in each country? The consultant is also expected to look at the funding gaps in policy advocacy and service delivery for all the constituencies individually. The consultant will be expected to look at the gaps in service delivery, whether in commodities, structural or human resource, among others.
In addition, the consultant will also look at the possibilities of participatory grant making or strategic grant making and recommend the most probable for the PWUD community. Do a comparative analysis on the two funding’s propositions and propose the most suited for moving Love Alliance resources across the communities, putting in mind the population in question, the politics around the community organising, and the approach that Love Alliance (LA) project wants to engage in, having in mind that this is an advocacy project. PWUDs are currently not a part of any participatory grant making model. This is the edge that the LA project brings. The consultants are expected to look into how the formation of such would look like. e.g. given who is organising right now, how would we, for example, have a peer grants committee made up of PWUDs and not gatekeepers? Would we do direct invites or ask for nominations or a mix?
The project is also interested in the communities of PWUDs that are hardly reached, especially women and trans community and young PWUDS.
The goal of the study
To establish the growth and sustainability of the LGBTI, SW and PWUD movements organising work, mapping the lived realities of the communities and analysing the factors constraining continuity of their organising.
Purpose of the study
Approach and Methodology
The consultant is expected to develop a progressive research design, a plan and structure that will guide the survey and deliver on the study objectives as comprehensively as possible. The consultant is to develop a representative sample to give the actual status of project indicators; the sampling techniques and procedure should be well explained. The consultant will also be expected to use quantitative and qualitative approaches to data sourcing and analysis; primary and secondary data sources will be explored. This research will produce a country report.
Key Deliverables and Expectations
The consultant is expected to:
– Attend an Inception meeting: This will be between the consultant/firm, the consultant, the Program Manager (PWUD) and the acting Director of Programs. The meeting will be used to level expectations and harmonise the approach and methodology to be adopted moving forward.
– Conduct a Desk review: This will include the programme proposal, context analysis report, results framework, the M&E strategy, the Theory of Change, proposed programme M&E tools and other documents relevant to the assignment.
– Inception Report: The consultant/firm will be expected to provide an inception report outlining a harmonised approach and methodology required to deliver on this assignment. The annexes to the inception report will include; standard tools/ templates for each component used in this programme for the baseline, an updated work plan/itinerary, an updated list of target respondents across the four objectives and a proposed report format.
– Fieldwork (Data collection and analysis): The consultant is expected to carry the fields work longitudinally across the country to get the proper status of Burundi’s target populations.
– Final Report: A thorough research report with key findings, observations, and softcopy recommendations that do not exceed 50 pages. The format of the information will be agreed upon between the consultant/firm and the UHAI EASHRI.
– A brief (not more than 15 pages) that can be shared with partnership members, constituencies and externally
– Draft Report and presentation of preliminary finding (validation): This will be through a PowerPoint presentation to a selected group of programme staff in UHAI EASHRI.
Criteria for selection and relevant qualifications
Applicants (nationals only of the respective country of study) are invited from suitably qualified consultants/firm. Local organisations/partners working on the rights of PWUDS, LGBTI and Sex Workers are encouraged to apply.
Interested individuals should submit:
A maximum of 5-page Expression of Interest (EOI) detailing your understanding of the assignment, proposed methodology and relevant experience of the consultant/firm in conducting similar assignments in the past
A summary work plan for the proposed 25 days.
A detailed budget not exceeding USD 10,000(all-inclusive – professional fees, accommodation, transport etc.)
Updated Curriculum Vitae of the consultant/s
Deadline for application:
Applications must be submitted by 30th April 2021 to the following address: Vacancies@uhai-eashri.org